Exile and (Modern) Irish Writing
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to discuss theoretical approaches to emigration and exile, especially from the perspective of Irish critics, and to present the manner in which they have been applied to (modern) Irish writing, such as Joyce‟s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, which is considered fundamental in this respect, or in Seamus Heaney‟s poetry. These theoreticians insist on the existence of a tradition of exile in Irish writing, some focusing on a tragic sense of Irish expatriation seen as exile and, therefore damaging for the individual, whereas others have insisted on the positive aspects of newness and non-conformity, inclusiveness and expansion experienced by Irish exiles seen as hybrids.
Keywords: exile, emigration, expatriation, hybridity, nationalism, Irish identity, Irish literature
To cite the article: Nicoleta Stanca, (2012) ,”Exile and (Modern) Irish Writing”,International Journal of Cross-Cultural Studies and Environmental Communication NO. 1 2012, Vol. 1 Iss: 1, pp. 53-67
Nicoleta Stanca is Lecturer at the Faculty of Letters, Ovidius University Constanţa, where she teaches nineteenth-century Victorian culture, twentieth-century English and Irish literature and (American) popular culture. She holds a Ph.D. degree from Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iaşi. She has published a book-length study on Seamus Heaney, Duality of Vision in Seamus Heaney‟s Writings (2009), and a number of articles on Irish literature and culture in academic volumes and journals in Romania. She has participated in national and international conferences. She is a member of Ireland-Romania Network, of the Romanian Association for American Studies and of the Romanian Society for English and American Studies.